Spinoza, part 1: Philosophy as a way of life | Clare Carlisle
For this 17th century outsider, philosophy is like a spiritual practice, whose goal is happiness and liberation
Although Baruch Spinoza is one of the great thinkers of the European philosophical tradition, he was not a professional scholar – he earned his modest living as a lens grinder. So, unlike many thinkers of his time, he was unconstrained by allegiance to a church, university or royal court. He was free to be faithful to the pursuit of truth. This gives his philosophy a remarkable originality and intellectual purity – and it also led to controversy and charges of heresy. In the 19th century, and perhaps even more recently, “Spinozist” was still a term of abuse among intellectuals.
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